Purpose: To evaluate the incidence of neovascularization (NV) secondary to central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC)-a condition belonging to the spectrum of pachychoroid disorders by means of optical coherence tomography angiography.
Methods: One hundred and seventy five eyes with CSC were evaluated in this retrospective observational study. The eyes with acute or chronic CSC with no NV were included in Group 1, and those with NV were evaluated in Group 2. Only eyes that had undergone structural optical coherence tomography and optical coherence tomography angiography were included. Age, best-corrected visual acuity, and subfoveal choroidal thickness were evaluated in all eyes. In Group 2, the type and morphology of NV and the occurrence of exudation were considered.
Results: Of a total of 175 eyes with CSC, 86 had the acute form and 89 the chronic. Approximately 140 belonged to Group 1 (80%) and 35 to Group 2 (20%). Approximately 39.2% of all patient with chronic CSC developed NV. Mean age in Groups 1 and 2 was 53.3 years (±10.9) and 66.6 years (±10.2), respectively. Mean best-corrected visual acuity in Groups 1 and 2 was 45.7 (±11.7) and 30.9 (±17.9) early treatment diabetic retinopathy study letters, respectively. Mean CCT in Group 1 and 2 was 417.5 µm (±123) and 344.2 µm (±165.9), respectively. In Group 2, all patients had Type 1 NV (100%); 29 eyes (83%) had filamentous feature, and 6 eyes (17%) had irregular shape. Silent nonexudative NV was observed in 7 eyes (20%), all belonging to Group 2.
Conclusion: The use of optical coherence tomography angiography in everyday clinical practice allows for the accurate analysis of the chorioretinal vascular setting, with the identification of new vessels that could remain misdiagnosed.